Reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C) is the combination of ordinary concrete with the reinforcement to increase its compressive and tensile strength to a great extent.
Concrete is a versatile material for modern construction which is prepared by mixing well-proportioned quantities of cement, sand, crushed rock or gravel, admixture and water.
It has been used from foundations to the rooftops of buildings, in the construction of highways roads traffic, and hydro-power tunnels, irrigation canals, drains, and all other conceivable structures.
Nature of Reinforced Cement Concrete:
The main principle in the preparation of the reinforced cement concrete is to make a structural material in which
(i) Steel serves the purpose of bearing the main tensile stresses;
(ii) concrete bears the main compressive forces, both acting in complete unison;